Errores refractivos (Hysi, 2020)

La miopía, o miopía, es el error refractivo más común.

TÍTULO DEL ESTUDIO: El metanálisis de 542,934 sujetos de ascendencia europea identifica nuevos genes y mecanismos que predisponen al error refractivo y la miopía

RESUMEN: Descubrimiento de 336 nuevas regiones genómicas asociadas con errores de refracción, incluida la miopía.

VISIÓN GENERAL: Los errores de refracción ocurren cuando la forma del ojo no dobla la luz correctamente, lo que resulta en una visión desenfocada o borrosa. Uno de los principales tipos de errores de refracción es miopía , también conocido como miopía. Los errores de refracción son muy comunes y la prevalencia está aumentando, probablemente debido a una combinación de factores ambientales y genéticos. Utilizando datos genéticos de ~ 550.000 individuos de ascendencia europea, este estudio descubrió 449 regiones genómicas asociadas con errores de refracción, 336 de las cuales son nuevas. Juntas, las variantes genéticas identificadas explican el 18,4% de la heredabilidad del error de refracción. Los resultados sugieren que el error de refracción es impulsado por genes involucrados en el desarrollo del ojo, la pigmentación y ritmo circadiano .

¿SABÍAS? La miopía, o miopía, es una afección en la que los objetos cercanos son claros pero los objetos distantes se ven borrosos. La forma más común de corregir la miopía es usando anteojos correctivos o lentes de contacto. Se estima que más de mil millones de personas en todo el mundo necesitan gafas, pero no tienen acceso a ellas, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. La inaccesibilidad a la atención oftalmológica es un importante problema de salud pública en esos países y ha provocado, entre otras cosas, accidentes de tráfico y malas calificaciones. [SOURCE]

RESULTADOS DE LA MUESTRA: Más información sobre el Biblioteca de investigación de nebulosa .

resultados de la muestra de errores de refracción

VARIANTES ASOCIADAS A LA FRECUENCIA CARDÍACA EN DESCANSO: rs2124500, rs13301794, rs12440698, rs7277023, rs6050351, rs148101639, rs41305473, rs10066524, rs2355125, rs17150996, rs75452709, rs7307053, rs2654980, rs13189957, rs11928769, rs11153164, rs6828872, rs10493817, rs7602799, rs115504329, rs10887652, rs72973714, rs12569272, rs4499830, rs6487108, rs2726052, rs4133395, rs7849438, rs11585774, rs11196996, rs6136407, rs2910644, rs13027546, rs4933627, rs3756171, rs73858679, rs902356, rs74848904, rs6489568, rs10848650, rs7315286, rs1427039, rs113369180, rs8121964, rs6629562, rs1905014, rs2075822, rs9895291, rs10829282, rs9790778, rs180874045, rs7569375, rs1562523, rs1863622, rs7427073, rs113626448, rs9526736, rs10223052, rs28564890, rs78486117, rs6875105, rs57654288, rs3936511, rs6590199, rs9562057, rs1558655, rs4242244, rs4981370, rs12475184, rs9521975, rs55870008, rs1054521, rs493786, rs6537315, rs3127166, rs6610546, rs7966177, rs3762672, rs9526001, rs12762379, rs2575725, rs10980037, rs7048915, rs9968377, rs1732579, rs1280632, rs33998475, rs1158 569, rs35636169, rs505837, rs6099283, rs497523, rs6668720, rs6137371, rs3013105, rs13409142, rs2097352, rs7073435, rs7780001, rs73231003, rs1646555, rs73117594, rs2867673, rs7802500, rs11121599, rs1912409, rs57829920, rs75488612, rs28495254, rs9832291, rs10753502, rs1823289, rs4886850, rs13339407, rs2606558, rs7311970, rs10174570, rs62026817, rs6102322, rs35567312, rs1490276, rs4875839, rs4896068, rs75012440, rs9497026, rs2024211, rs7584334, rs1961952, rs11675358, rs8096658, rs10158878, rs1865249, rs34354104, rs3784589, rs1260326, rs28533147, rs3131703, rs7619476, rs1425598, rs11165052, rs4905998, rs12409365, rs4947120, rs535888, rs4753693, rs11700909, rs7732667, rs7136446, rs146172211, rs7601475, rs1907462, rs6070941, rs10030755, rs41267883, rs55681357, rs117123217, rs73035723, rs7793034, rs807479, rs7816934, rs6700065, rs7272323, rs7144361, rs6860901, rs11065286, rs2045629, rs73042687, rs144137329, rs57902545, rs3211166, rs928109, rs4828621, rs41281858, rs221259760, rs10934967 547, rs34687569, rs7691051, rs11161294, rs9372732, rs12291662, rs1045960, rs620088, rs12719025, rs2708597, rs1058734, rs11734373, rs10753823, rs11181913, rs35446926, rs9608575, rs11555696, rs113628353, rs2072438, rs359260, rs113119541, rs62468101, rs4769824, rs123698, rs62538956, rs10258656, rs2696187, rs935402, rs9788504, rs17817004, rs34096978, rs10520789, rs587289, rs9646588, rs11772758, rs62273875, rs10112386, rs7756435, rs62084693, rs3775228, rs11940147, rs12514897, rs10163854, rs4502168, rs8042462, rs10042371, rs943423, rs880095, rs41396445, rs6547257, rs4130686, rs8042545, rs4711751, rs7730838, rs905224, rs6667260, rs17218455, rs256438, rs11087326, rs353, rs854089, rs7549293, rs72660683, rs36080062, rs9606973, rs4845402, rs855719, rs10839545, rs2276118, rs673253, rs13056506, rs4964008, rs6864640, rs1991401, rs9650252, rs1568072, rs11119421, rs75150349, rs1278092, rs12308700, rs7855188, rs10122788, rs4766878, rs9892466, rs171835, rs7431936, rs448203, rs7634084, rs10218285, rs11659457, rs1489081, rs255049, rs734559, rs2501571, rs7928419, rs199771582, rs246073, rs11103381, rs10793568, rs2259858, rs13268738, rs501057, rs2570495, rs942453, rs11564403, rs1906252, rs4829885, rs147792504, rs6810039, rs4721135, rs9484245, rs3764523, rs79406658, rs76324150, rs6484385, rs35867, rs7596847, rs13190379, rs10416763, rs6946168, rs1532276, rs795288, rs7880414, rs1309551, rs7800245, rs12186577, rs1152698, rs13107325, rs429358, rs10260177, rs11781149, rs4262652, rs121908120, rs7786560, rs10219187, rs1868289, rs13073161, rs62385438, rs710902, rs12511880, rs28526098, rs6549043, rs6995342, rs1599166, rs34437079, rs28588430, rs2378078, rs3739996, rs2028155, rs56284621, rs117821803, rs61334940, rs4052505, rs4839270, rs4869965, rs17313971, rs11127261, rs11758482, rs6120993, rs58287690 37422, rs113761591, rs1029278, rs3785837, rs9379066, rs807037, rs9217, rs3750847, rs1328371, rs7737179, rs12778014, rs45502300, rs6954078, rs14165, rs60743220, rs12896393, rs2017765, rs4793501, rs11037404, rs198443, rs35497503, rs10100265, rs1371951, rs1571590, rs73294488, rs300751, rs9824877, rs144311425, rs11178450, rs17032696, rs1118543, rs73175083, rs4738094, rs115152181, rs12492279, rs6988919, rs8039459, rs1550870, rs6519240, rs75601727, rs556161, rs4635359, rs1790165, rs2074302, rs1468993, rs2229741, rs12568187, rs235770, rs9547035, rs3781196, rs34961350, rs59473955, rs12883788, rs17834080, rs1700943, rs1150687, rs7947524, rs9309272, rs192716, rs7042950, rs7162310, rs6670896, rs16978339, rs1064583, rs73157695, rs9535263, rs2076309, rs12234576, rs17420551, rs4145443, rs10895869, rs11145461, rs17428076, rs34217772, rs1254314, rs10842971, rs7525202, rs8075811, rs62070229, rs2842083, rs7222840, rs56299331, rs1556867, rs178597, rs511217, rs56036047, rs9747347, rs1340014, rs28085347 2155413, rs2017760, rs6767786, rs2855530, rs12965607, rs5442, rs74764079, rs61049169, rs7895108, rs2573081, rs4517452, rs724154, rs16890057, rs1961579, rs2908972, rs1550094, rs72621438, rs3138142, rs11606250, rs17648524, rs7744813, rs524952, rs12193446

RECURSOS ADICIONALES:
Error de refracción (video)
Hoja informativa sobre errores de refracción Miopía

ACTUALIZACIÓN SEMANAL: 14 de abril de 2020