メジャーテープ

高さ(ウッド、2014年

研究タイトル。 成人ヒト身長のゲノムおよび生物学的構造における共通変異の役割の定義

研究タイトル。 身長に関連する687種のバリアントをゲノムワイドに同定した。

概要。  過去150年間で、人間の平均身長は約4インチ増加しています。人体の成長には栄養などの環境要因が大きく影響しますが、身長は遺伝性の高い形質であることが明らかになっています。実際、人の身長の最大80%は遺伝的に決定されると考えられているのです!しかし、身長はゲノム上の多くのバリアントの影響を受ける非常に複雑な形質です。今回の研究では、身長に関連する遺伝的変異を特定するために、ヨーロッパ系の25万人以上の個人を調査した。その結果、身長に関連する697の遺伝的変異が発見された。これらの遺伝子変異を合わせると、人によって観察された身長差のうち約16%の説明がつくことになる。発見された遺伝子変異のいくつかは、骨や軟骨の発達に関与する遺伝子の近くにある。

知ってた? 40歳前後から、多くの人が身長を落とし始めます。これは、加齢に伴う脊椎の圧迫や骨粗鬆症のような障害など、複数の要因が原因となることがあります。運動と健康的な栄養(カルシウムを多く含む)は、強い骨と筋肉を維持し、身長の低下を抑えるのに役立ちます。[出所]

サンプル結果。 の詳細はこちらをご覧ください。 ネビュラ研究図書館.

人間の身長サンプル結果

ANALYZED VARIANTS. 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追加のリソース。
身長が健康に与える影響
なんでオランダ人は背が高いの?

WEEKLY UPDATE。 2020年1月17日

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